Cocaine is a very powerful central nervous system (CNS) stimulant. As the term stimulant indicates, substances in this category can enhance mood, increase alertness, and relieve fatigue.
Cocaine is just one of the substances present in the coca leaf. The primary source of cocaine imported into the U.S. is South America, but the coca plant also grows in the Far East in Ceylon, Java, and India. The plant is cultivated in South America on the eastern slopes of the Andes in Peru, and Bolivia.
Crack cocaine is a cooked mixture of sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), water and cocaine. When cooked properly, this substance becomes hard with the consistency of a rock. Its name (crack cocaine) is associated with the sound that it makes when the mixture is smoked.
Ecstasy, the common name for MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methamphetamine), is a synthetic drug that has stimulant and hallucinogenic properties. Although MDMA (methylenedioxymethamphetamine) does not cause overt hallucinations, many people report distorted time and distorted sensory perception while under the influence of the drug.
It is known as a designer drug because it is created for the purpose of making someone feel high. The drug is popular among teens and young adults who frequently go to clubs, concerts, or “rave parties.”
Hallucinogens are a group of substances that have the potential to alter the thinking process and the perception of the physical world and passing of time.
Substances like hallucinogens can be extracted from different plants or they can be easily synthesized into chemicals in laboratories. Most of these drugs have a high potential of abuse and they are generally used for recreational purposes. Among the general population, they are most commonly known as “Psychedelic drugs”.
Whenever one thinks about drugs that cause addiction and have a high potential for abuse, heroin is at the top of the list. Heroin is a synthetic drug, produced from the morphine contained in the sap of the opium poppy. The abuse of this particular controlled substance has been of great concern for many years, all over the world.
Heroin is typically used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects, and it is typically administered intravenously. However, it can also be smoked, snorted or inhaled. The onset of its effects are usually rapid and lasts for a period of 3 to 6 hours. Common side effects include respiratory depression (decreased breathing) abscesses, infected heart valves, blood borne infections, constipation, and pneumonia.
Inhalants are a class of drugs that are familiar to all of us. They are useful chemicals in household products, and readily accessible in our homes and schools. Unlike some other abused drugs, such as cocaine, marijuana, and LSD, inhalants may be legally obtained.
These chemicals have legitimate uses, and customers have, on the whole, unrestricted access to purchasing them. The ease of getting these products for use as drugs increases their abuse potential. Chemicals whose vapors or gasses can be intentionally inhaled to give the user a high are called inhalants. The use of inhalants produces psychoactive or mind-altering effects on the user.
Ketamine is part of a class named dissociative anesthetics. Before we start talking about this drug’s symptoms and warning signs of abuse, it is very important to clarify what dissociative anesthetics are.
Drugs such as ketamine, which were initially developed as general anesthetics for surgery, distort perceptions of sight and sound and produce feelings of detachment and dissociation from the environment and self. However, these mind-altering effects are not hallucinations. Ketamine is, therefore, more properly known as a “dissociative anesthetic.”
Cannabis, commonly known as marijuana, is a plant that grows freely throughout the world. The cannabis plant is known most commonly today as a potent psychoactive substance ( a substance having a profound or significant effect on mental processes), but for many years, it was harvested primarily for its ﬁber. The strong cannabis ﬁbers were used to produce clothes, rope, and ship sails. Although cannabis was cultivated for several centuries in other parts of the world for its mind-altering properties, its psychoactive properties commonly associated with the plant did not become widely known in the United States until the early 1900’s.
Synthetic cannabinoids are synthetic created mind-altering chemicals. These chemicals are called cannabinoids because they are related to chemicals found in the marijuana plant. Because of this similarity, synthetic cannabinoids are sometimes misleadingly called “synthetic marijuana” (or “fake weed”), and they are often marketed as “safe,” legal alternatives to that drug. In fact, they may affect the brain much more powerfully than marijuana; their actual effects can be unpredictable and, in some cases, severe or even life-threatening.*
They are usually made from dried plant material and chopped up herbs so they can be smoked or they can be found as liquids to be vaporized and inhaled in e-cigarettes, a phenomenon that is becoming more common recently.
Crystal Meth, officially called Methamphetamine (synthesized from N-Methylamphetamine), is a strong central nervous system stimulant that is illegally sold and used as a recreational drug. Medically, it can be utilized for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and as a short-term component of weight-loss treatments, but these uses are limited and it is rarely prescribed.