Adderall (Levo-/dextroamphetamine) is a combination of two types of amphetamines. The two amphetamine derived stimulants that combine to form Adderall (i.e., levoamphetamine and dextroamphetamine) alleviate the symptoms of ADHD and narcolepsy. The term stimulant indicates a substance that stimulates the central nervous system (CNS).
In moderation, stimulants enhance mood, increase alertness and relieve fatigue. Adderall is a drug that helps focus a person’s attention, which is why it is a very popular drug on college campuses. Students who may or may not suffer from ADHD use the drug recreationally so they can stay up all night and cram before exams.
Medications designed to treat anxiety and depression fall into the category of psychotherapeutic or psychotropic drugs. In general, they have made it possible for people with anxiety and depression to function on a daily basis and, in many cases, lead virtually normal lives without restrictions imposed upon them by their conditions.
Because each individual reacts to medications in his or her own way and because their response to medications may vary, pharmaceutical companies have developed many different drugs to treat anxiety and depression. These medications work in different ways and affect a variety of biochemical pathways and several areas of the brain.
Concerta (methylphenidate) is an amphetamine-like central nervous system stimulant. Amphetamine-like stimulants are prescribed to treat the sleep disorder (Narcolepsy), Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Depression.
Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is considered to be one of the most important psychiatric mental disorders in children. These symptoms are often observed in the early school years or the elementary years, and pattern often includes inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. The children diagnosed with this type of disorder present difficulties in maintaining their attention focused on certain things, difficulties in listening to explicit instruction, forgetfulness and the least but not the last, an extreme activity behavior. These behavior disorders can be observed pretty often, especially when the children are having difficulties in paying attention in school, difficulties in standing still and challenges in focusing on particular class tasks like tests and assignments. It is important to mention that this type of disorder drastically affects the social development of the diagnosed children. Research reveals that people with ADHD do not become addicted to stimulant medications like Concerta when they are taken in the form prescribed and at treatment dosages. Even though the Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) represents a commonly diagnosed mental disorder, the pathophysiological ways (biological mechanisms) are still not fully understood by the physicians.
Dexedrine is a central nervous system stimulant derived from amphetamines. Stimulants (also referred as psychostimulants) are psychoactive drugs that can bring physical and mental improvements to the user. Dexedrine accelerates the body’s metabolism and produces euphoria, increases alertness, and gives the abuser a sense of increased energy. For example, it can enable a shy person to become more outgoing and a tired person to become energized. This drug is legally prescribed by doctors for treating narcoleptic and attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients.
Weight control widely promoted in modern societies. This has paved the way for a wide variety of substances marketed as quick and easy ways to lose weight. The pharmaceutical companies wanting to get in on this market of consumers developed pharmaceutical grade diet pills.
Studies have shown that almost a quarter of all Americans are currently on a diet at any given time. Studies have shown that over half of the American population is struggling with weight problems. Many people want a quick and easy solution to lose weight and turn to dieting medications like diet pills.
Diet pills come in both over the counter medications and prescription-only medications. These weight loss drugs commonly work by suppressing the appetite, increasing the rate of the metabolism or suppressing the fat absorption. In other words, inducing a person to either eat less food, burns more calories or absorb less fat from foods.
Methylphenidate (Ritalin) belong to a class of drugs called amphetamine-like stimulants. It is structurally similar to amphetamine and cocaine. These three drugs are all central nervous system stimulants that act on a chemical within the human body known as dopamine, one of the substances within the human body that controls feelings of pleasure.
Stimulants also have effects that increase endurance, reduce hunger, make the user feel less tired, and produce feelings of well-being and happiness. Unlike cocaine and amphetamine, however, methylphenidate does not cause feelings of pleasure in the brains of individuals with ADHD. However, when healthy people unaffected by ADHD take methylphenidate illicitly, they get, at least initially, a sharp signal reception that the brain interprets as pleasure.
Anabolic-androgenic steroids, commonly known as anabolic steroids, are represented by synthetic structural derivatives of the male sex hormone testosterone. The administration of these drugs produces anabolic (i.e., increases in skeletal muscle and lean body mass) and androgenic changes (i.e., masculinization) in men and women.