- Classification: Stimulant CSA
- Schedule: Schedule II
- Trade or Other Names: Dexedrine
- Medical Uses: Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder, Narcolepsy, Weight control
- Physical Dependence: Possible
- Psychological Dependence: High
- Tolerance: Yes
- Duration (hours): 2–4
- Usual Method: Oral, injected, smoked
- Possible Effects: Increased alertness, excitation, euphoria, increased pulse rate and blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite
- Effects of Overdose: Agitation, increased body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, possible death
- Withdrawal Syndrome: Apathy, long periods of sleep, irritability, depression, disorientation*Source: Drug Enforcement Administration.
Dexedrine is a central nervous system stimulant derived from amphetamines. Stimulants (also referred as psychostimulants) are psychoactive drugs that can bring physical and mental improvements to the user. Dexedrine accelerates the body’s metabolism and produces euphoria, increases alertness, and gives the abuser a sense of increased energy. For example, it can enable a shy person to become more outgoing and a tired person to become energized. This drug is legally prescribed by doctors for treating narcoleptic and attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients.
Origin of Dexedrine Use
Amphetamines like Dexedrine have played a major role in medicine since first marketed in 1927. During World War II, they were given to American soldiers to help them overcome fatigue, heighten their mood, and improve their endurance. They do, however, produce side effects that are disadvantageous in combat. Hitler’s bizarre behavior near the end of World War II, in which he was alternately depressed and happy, is speculated to have been caused by amphetamines.
When amphetamines were developed, they were effective in treating asthma. Amphetamines were also used for treating depression, for increasing work capacity, and for treating narcolepsy. Under the name “Benzedrine”, amphetamine was sold in inhalers. The drug abusers would open the inhaler, put the concentrated amphetamine liquid on a cloth, and inhale it. Eventually, the inhalers were used nonmedically, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration banned amphetamines in inhalers in 1959.
Beginning in the late 1930’s amphetamines were prescribed to hyperactive children. During World War II, American airmen in Great Britain often took Benzedrine pills. In the 1960’s there were 20 million prescriptions written for amphetamines for weight-loss purposes. Amphetamines and amphetamine-like drugs are still used today to treat obesity.
How Dexedrine is Consumed
Amphetamines like Dexedrine can be used and abused in many different ways. The drug’s effects change depending on the consumption method, the way the user is choosing to get the drug into his bloodstream. As most amphetamines, Dexedrine can be taken orally as tablets, capsules, or liquids but it can also be snorted or injected into a vein.
The oral abuse of amphetamines is not a very common method of consumption among the drug abusers. That is because of the fact that it takes a longer amount of time to get the desired effects. Orally consumed amphetamines also do not produce an intense high. The user might need to take an increased oral dose amphetamines to get to the desired effects, effects that can be obtained easily by changing the administration.
A second way of abusing the drug is by snorting them into the nose. When snorted, the amphetamines reach to the brain faster than when they are taken orally. A user will feel the desired effects in about five minutes. Also, snorting amphetamines often causes intense burning in the nostrils. In fact, snorting these drugs can easily burn a hole right through the user’s nose.
Some people dissolve amphetamines in water and inject the mixture into the vein with a needle. Once the drug gets into the bloodstream, it can cause the desired effects within seconds, causing a powerful high and extreme pleasure.
Effects of Dexedrine Use
Short Term Use Effects
• Increased energy and alertness
• Decreased need for sleep
• Increased sexuality
• Reduced demand for food
• Excessive talking
• Weight loss
• Visual and auditory hallucinations (hearing voices)
Long Term Use Effects
• Fatal kidney and lung disorders
• Possible brain damage
• Permanent psychological problems
• Lowered resistance to illnesses
• Liver damage
• Deep or disturbed sleep lasting up to 48 h
• Extreme hunger
• Psychotic reaction
• Anxiety reactions